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Cervical Position/Mucus & Fertility

"Fertility charting allows you to predict ovulation, pinpoint your most fertile time in your cycle and increase your chances of becoming pregnant... observing changes in cervical position and cervical mucus can help you predict fertility ..."


Cervical Mucus and Fertile Days
The volume and texture of a woman's cervical mucus (or CM) passes through a number of changes during her monthly cycle. By observing changes in cervical fluids, you can determine when ovulation will take place - the short window of peak fertility when the odds of conceiving are greatest. In effect, by monitoring cervical fluids daily you can determine whether you have 'fertile' or 'non-fertile' cervical mucus.

Cervical mucus has many purposes. During most of a woman's cycle, cervical mucus is hostile to sperm and CM plays a protective roll. The amount of cervical fluid is low, and the quality is acidic an inimical to fertility. However, there are phases during the ovulatory cycle when both the volume and quality of cervical mucus changes to support fertility. During the middle of a woman's cycle, her most fertile period, the raison d etre of cervical mucus is to support and nourish sperm and to provide a safe medium that allows the sperms to travel through the cervix, through the womb, and to the fallopian tube (where fertilization will take place).

Hence, in the days prior to ovulation, women typically experience a marked increase in the presence of cervical mucus, as well as a very noticeable qualitative change in CM texture: As a natural sign of fertility, the cervical fluid becomes stretchy and slippery to provide a safe 'vehicle' for sperm 'transport'.

Cervical Mucus and Fertility Charting: With clean dry fingers or toilet paper you may examine your cervical fluid. Make this a part of your daily fertility charting routine. Before and after ovulation, or during non-fertile phases of the menstrual cycle, women will encounter a dryness (or absence of cervical fluids). During the first half of the cycle - as the woman prepares to ovulate - the cervical mucous will start to build up, though the consistency will be "sticky" and the color will be opaque, yellowish, or cloudy.

Right before ovulation takes place, cervical mucous will appear in abundant supply, and the quality of the CM will be slippery and stretch like "raw egg white". This is fertile cervical fluid - and its appearance marks your most fertile days. Ovulation will take place at about this time. Below you will find an overview of the changes that will take place in your cervical fluid throughout your cycle.

Non-Fertile Phase: After your period there is typically a feeling of dryness, an absence of CM. There may be no visible cervical mucus at all. As your cycle progresses and more mucus appears, it may be whitish, yellow, cloudy, and sticky (tacky) to the touch. As a natural fertility indicator, this kind of CM says "I'm not yet fertile - the odds of conceiving are low".

Impending Ovulation: As you near your ovulation date, your cervical fluids will increase in volume. There will be increased presence of CM, increased moistness to the mucus, as well as a whitish or creamy appearance. The CM may still be a bit tacky. As a fertility sign, your CM is saying, "Getting closer to ovulation...."

Ovulation: At ovulation, the quality and quantity of cervical mucus will increase and the consistency of the CM will be like "egg white". Instead of opaque, the CM may be semitransparent. The feel of the CM will be more slippery and 'stretchy''. As a fertility sign, your CM is telling you: "This is my fertile window of the month to conceive.".

Post Ovulation: After you ovulate, the slippery, stretchy aspect of of the cervical fluids will lessen and the CM will again become tacky. Dryness may follow as the progesterone levels rise.

Cervical Position
In predicting ovulation, monitoring cervix position (the lower part of the uterus) is another key fertility sign. As with cervical mucus, the location and the "feel" of the cervix will display measurable changes during your cycle. When you monitor your cervical mucus, also check your cervical position, asking yourself...

  • Is the position of the cervix low (easy to reach) or high (less easy to reach)?
  • Does the cervix feel relatively soft or hard?
  • Does the opening of the cervix feel open or closed?
  • Is the cervix dry to the touch - or relatively moist - or very moist?

Of course, the answers to these questions are relative to yourself (so it may take a month or two to learn your body's fertility benchmarks). Prior to ovulation, the cervix will feel firm (like touching your nose) and it will be dry (due to the absence of CM). The position of the cervix will be low and you should have no trouble locating it. If you touch the entrance to the cervix, it will feel closed.

As you approach ovulation, the cervix will become soft and will moisten to create a fertile environment for the sperm. The entrance of the cervix will open and start to lift. At the highest point, the cervix may be a bit difficult to reach and the entrance of the cervix will increase in size. The feel of your cervix will be softer - like touching your lip. At this point, you are at your most fertile time - and CM should also be abundant and fertile.

After you ovulate, the cervix will again firm up and the opening to the cervix will begin to close up. The position of the cervix will lower and will be more accessible to the touch. These changes in cervix position can be recorded on your fertility chart. Monitoring CM and Cervical positions are great ways to predict ovulation. Learn more about ovulation by clicking here.


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